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Risk Management

Like the oil, natural gas, and chemical industry as a whole, OMV is exposed to a variety of risks – including market and financial risks, operational risks, and strategic risks. The Group’s risk management processes focus on identification, assessment, and evaluation of such risks and their impact on the Group’s financial stability and profitability. The objective of these activities is to actively manage risks in the context of the Group’s risk appetite and defined risk tolerance levels in order to achieve OMV’s long-term strategic goals.

It is OMV’s view that the Group’s overall risk is significantly lower than the sum of the individual risks due to its integrated nature and the fact that various risks partially offset each other. The balancing effects of industry risks, however, can often lag or weaken. OMV’s risk management activities therefore focus on the net risk exposure of the Group’s existing and future portfolio. The interdependencies and correlations between different risks are also reflected in the Company’s consolidated risk profile. Risk management and insurance activities are centrally coordinated at the corporate level by the Treasury and Risk Management department. This department ensures that well-defined and consistent risk management processes, tools, and techniques are applied across the entire organization. Risk ownership is assigned to the managers who are best suited to oversee and manage the respective risk.

The overall objective of the risk policy is to safeguard the cash flows required by the Group and to maintain a strong investment-grade credit rating in line with the Group’s risk appetite.

OMV is closely monitoring the development of the consequences of the COVID-19 pandemic and regularly evaluating the impact on the Group’s cash flow and liquidity position.

OMV monitors the increasing geopolitical tensions and deepening crisis between Russia and Ukraine on a continuous basis and regularly reviews the potential impact on our business activities and assets. In particular, OMV assessed and continues to assess the risks related to international sanctions on Nord Stream 2 AG and the impact on repayment of the loan provided to Nord Stream 2 AG by OMV. From today’s point of view no direct impact on OMV’s Russian equity gas production is expected. However, OMV continues to monitor potential restrictions to related dividend flows. The credit risk portfolio associated with counterparties and banks located in Russia and/or potentially targeted by international sanctions (or restrictions on international money transfers) is under close review. International trade restrictions and sanctions could also lead to a further devaluation of the Russian Ruble against the Euro and the US Dollar. Disruptions in Russian commodity flows to Europe could result in further increases in European energy prices and accelerate the risk of cost inflation. From today’s point of view, OMV does not expect natural gas exports from Russia to stop. In the event of short-term gas supply disruptions from Russia, OMV can use the remaining gas in storage to supply customers and has access to other liquid gas market hubs in Europe. In such an event, an emergency team will be set up based on pre-defined internal processes. This emergency team will continuously analyze and evaluate the situation so that appropriate measures can be taken if necessary. It is also responsible to communicate and coordinate all activities with the Austrian regulator e-control. Please refer to Note 37 “Subsequent Events” of the Financial Statements for the most recent developments of the Russia-Ukraine crisis and the expected impact on OMV Group’s financials.

Enterprise-Wide Risk Management

Financial and non-financial risks are regularly identified, assessed, and reported through the Group-wide Enterprise Wide Risk Management (EWRM) process.

The main purpose of OMV Group’s EWRM process is to deliver value through risk-based management and decision-making which is ensured by applying a “three lines of defense model” (1. business management, 2. risk management and oversight functions, 3. internal audit). The assessment of financial, operational, and strategic risks helps the Group leverage business opportunities in a systematic manner. This ensures that OMV’s value grows sustainably. Since 2003, the EWRM system has helped enhance risk awareness and improve risk management skills across the entire organization, including at subsidiaries in more than 20 countries. OMV Group is constantly enhancing the EWRM process based on internal and external requirements such as, for example, newly developing ESG (Environmental, Social, and Governance) reporting standards and frameworks.

A cross-functional committee chaired by OMV Group CFO with senior management members of the OMV Group – the Risk Committee – ensures that the EWRM process effectively captures and manages material risks across OMV Group.

The process is facilitated by a Group-wide IT system supporting the established individual process steps: risk identification, risk analysis, risk evaluation, risk treatment, reporting, and risk review through continuous monitoring of changes to the risk profile. The overall risk resulting from the bottom-up risk management process is computed using Monte Carlo simulations and compared against planning data. This is further combined with a top-down approach from the senior management view to capture risks associated with the Group’s strategy. The process also includes companies that are not fully consolidated. The EWRM process uses common risk terminology and language across OMV Group to facilitate effective risk communication, whereby ESG risks play a key role in the OMV risk taxonomy. Twice a year, the results from this process are consolidated and presented to the Executive Board and the Audit Committee. In compliance with the Austrian Code of Corporate Governance, the effectiveness of the EWRM system is evaluated by the external auditor on an annual basis. The key financial and non-financial risks identified with respect to OMV’s medium-term plan are:

  • Financial risks including market price risks and foreign exchange risks
  • Operational risks, including all risks related to physical assets, production risks, project risks, personnel risks, IT risks, , and regulatory/compliance risks
  • Strategic risks arising, for example, from climate change, changes in technology, risks to reputation, or political uncertainties, including sanctions

Financial Risk Management

Market price and financial risks arise from volatility in the prices of commodities including the market price risks from European Emission Allowances, foreign exchange () rates, and interest rates. Also of importance are credit risks, which arise from the inability of a counterparty to meet a payment or delivery commitment. As an oil, gas, and chemical company, OMV has a significant exposure to oil, natural gas, and chemical prices. Substantial FX exposures include the USD, RON, NOK, NZD, SEK, and RUB. The Group has a net USD long position, mainly resulting from oil production sales. The comparatively less significant short positions in RON, NOK, NZD, SEK, and RUB originate from expenses in local currencies in the respective countries.

Management of commodity price risk, FX risk, European Emission Allowances

The analysis and management of financial risks arising from foreign currencies, interest rates, commodity prices, European Emission Allowances, counterparties, liquidity, and insurable risks are consolidated at the corporate level. Market price risk is monitored and analyzed centrally in respect of its potential cash flow impact using a specific risk analysis model that considers portfolio effects. The impact of financial risks (e.g., commodity prices, currencies) on OMV Group’s cash flow and liquidity are reviewed quarterly by the Risk Committee, which is chaired by the CFO and comprises the senior management of the business segments and corporate functions.

In the context of commodity price risk and FX risk, the OMV Executive Board decides on hedging strategies to mitigate such risks whenever deemed necessary. OMV uses financial instruments for hedging purposes to protect the Group’s cash flow from the potential negative impact of falling oil and natural gas prices in the E&P segment.

In the downstream business (including Refining & Marketing as well as Chemicals & Materials segments), OMV is especially exposed to volatile refining and chemical margins and natural gas prices, as well as inventory risks. Corresponding optimization and hedging activities are undertaken in order to mitigate those risks. Those include margin hedges as well as stock hedges. An optimization, trading, and hedging risk control governance system defines clear mandates including risk thresholds for such activities. In addition, Emission Compliance Management ensures a balanced position of emission allowances by selling the surplus or covering the gap.

Management of interest rate risk

To balance the Group’s interest rate portfolio, loans can be converted from fixed to floating rates and vice versa according to predefined rules. OMV regularly analyzes the impact of interest rate changes on interest income and expense from floating rate deposits and borrowings. Currently the effects of changes in interest rates are not considered to be a material risk.

Management of credit risk

Significant counterparty credit risks are assessed, monitored, and controlled at the Group and segment level using predetermined credit limits for all counterparties, banks, and security providers. The procedures are governed by guidelines at OMV Group level. Based on the high economic uncertainty resulting from the COVID-19 pandemic, special attention is paid to early warning signals like changes in payment behavior.

Operational risks

The nature of OMV’s business operations exposes the Group to various health, safety, security, and environmental (HSSE) risks. Such risks include the potential impact of natural disasters as well as process safety and personal security events. Other operational risks comprise risks related to the delivery of capital projects or legal/regulatory non-compliance. All operational risks are identified, analyzed, monitored, and mitigated following the Group’s defined risk management process.

Control and mitigation of assessed risks take place at all organizational levels using clearly defined risk policies and responsibilities. The key Group risks are governed centrally to ensure the Group’s ability to meet planning objectives through corporate directives, including those relating to health, safety, security, environment, legal matters, compliance, human resources, and sustainability.

Pandemic risk

The global outbreak of the COVID-19 pandemic continues to have a major impact on global economic development. Increases in COVID-19 cases around the world following the emergence of new virus variants combined with disruptions in supply chains and high price inflation could lead to delays in expected demand recovery. The consequences of the COVID-19 pandemic and other disruptions currently being observed, as well as the extent and duration of the economic impact, cannot be reliably estimated at this time. OMV is responding to the situation with targeted measures to safeguard the Company’s economic stability and the secure supply of energy. The health and wellbeing of every employee is the top priority.

ESG risk

OMV puts a special emphasis on five Sustainability Strategy areas: HSSE, Carbon Efficiency, Innovation, Employees, Business Principles, and Social Responsibility. OMV Executive Board members regularly (at least quarterly) discuss current and upcoming environmental, climate, and energy-related policies and regulations; related developments in the fuels and natural gas markets; the financial implications of carbon emissions trading obligations; the status of innovation project implementation; and progress on achieving sustainability-related targets. OMV focuses on assessing the potential vulnerabilities of the Company to climate change (e.g., water deficiency, droughts, floods, landslides), the impact of the Company on the environment, and the mitigation actions that will ensure a successful transition to a low-carbon environment (e.g., carbon emission reductions, compliance with new regulatory requirements).

IT risks

As OMV’s activities rely on information technology systems, the Group may experience disruption due to major cyber events. Security controls are therefore implemented across the Group to protect information and IT assets that store and process information. IT-related risks are assessed, monitored regularly, and managed actively with dedicated information and security programs across the organization. OT (Operational Technology) related risks are reflected in the assessment of process safety risks.

Strategic risks

In order to identify strategic risks which might have potential long-term effects on the Company’s objectives, OMV continuously monitors its internal and external environment.

Personnel risks

Through systematic employee succession and development planning, Corporate Human Resources targets suitable managerial employees to meet future growth requirements in order to mitigate personnel risks.

Political and regulatory risks

In certain countries in its portfolio, OMV’s operations are exposed to geopolitical risks, including expropriation and nationalization of property; restrictions on foreign ownership; civil strife and acts of war or terrorism; and political uncertainties in particular related to Libya, Yemen, Russia, and Tunisia, as well as other countries where OMV operates and has financial investments. However, OMV has extensive experience in dealing with the political environment in emerging economies. Also, possible regulatory changes may lead to disruptions or limitations in production or an increased tax burden. OMV continuously observes political and regulatory developments in all markets that affect OMV’s operations. Country-specific risks are assessed before entering new countries.

OMV also evaluates the risk of potential US or EU sanctions and their impact on planned or existing operations. OMV will ensure to stay in full compliance with all applicable sanction laws. In particular, risks due to political and regulatory developments both inside and outside Europe with potential unfavorable effects on the Nord Stream 2 project and on OMV’s activities in Russia and the Black Sea region are regularly assessed and monitored.

Climate change-related risks

OMV consistently evaluates the Group’s exposure to risks related to climate change in addition to the market price risk from European Emission Allowances. Such risks comprise the potential impact of acute or chronic events like more frequent extreme weather events, or systemic changes to our business model due to a changing legal framework, or substitution of OMV’s products due to changing consumer behavior. OMV recognizes climate change as a key global challenge. We thus integrate the related risks and opportunities into the development of the Company’s business strategy. Measures that we implement to manage or mitigate such risks are set out in the relevant sections of this report, particularly in Sustainability and Strategy.

For further details on risk management and the use of financial instruments, please refer to Note 28 of the Consolidated Financial Statements.

For further details on climate-change-related risks and their management, see the OMV Sustainability Report as well as Note 2 of the Consolidated Financial Statements.

For further details on health, safety, security, and environmental risks, please refer to the chapter Health, Safety, Security, and Environment in the Directors’ Report.

Health, Safety, Security, and Environment
Foreign exchange